by Esther Lee on March 6, 2013 // Short URL

How Working at Home Works (For Us)

Lullabot is a 100% distributed company: here's how we've learned to keep things running smoothly!

In the beginning

When I tell new acquaintances that I work for a distributed company, they inevitably ask: “You do all of that from home? How?” We discuss this how on a regular basis, but haven't taken these conversations outside our figurative halls. In this article, all will be revealed!

Lullabot is a distributed company with clients all around the world—we don’t have a single office and almost all of us work from home. You might think that means we’re disconnected (not at all!), that we are lonely (never!), or bored (ha!). You might even think we’re nerds! You’d be right on that count, but that’s irrelevant to our working arrangements.

Being distributed requires a more deliberate approach to communication and getting “in the zone.” Here are some of the highly effective habits of our intercontinental team:

Get dressed like you’re going to work

Nine out of ten Lullabots agree (this is a made-up statistic, but keep reading) that their productivity is boosted when they prepare for the day as if they’re leaving the house to go to work. That means pants! And shoes! You don’t have to bust out a suit, but readying yourself for a purpose helps you get into a focused work mode. (The fact that you don’t actually have to leave the house just makes it a little bit happier.)

Have a schedule

To paraphrase our Director of Operations, Seth Brown: “Find your ideal schedule or pattern for productivity. For me, it involves working 8 to 6 with two hours for a long lunchtime workout. This restores me. For someone else, it might be about starting work at 10, having a nap in the afternoon, but working in the evening when they feel most productive. The key is finding your groove. We’re all unique. There are morning people, evening people, and everything in between. We have the flexibility to choose, but it’s important to be consistent with that choice so others can plan around you.”

Getting up early is the most productive time of the day (by far) for Karen Stevenson, Senior Drupal Architect. Karen's daily schedule: get to work early (usually around 4 a.m.), get done early and enjoy a walk or some family-time, and come back later if need be. For Sean Lange, a front-end developer, having set work hours and a daily routine is what works. The importance of a schedule seems to be key for all of us, no matter how offbeat that schedule might be. Have an idea where your time will be spent each day, stick to a pattern that feels comfortable and repeatable, and let your team members know when you’ll be in your groove. Otherwise, time tends to slip away and you find yourself “working” all the time with reduced productivity.

Draw a boundary

As I was doing interviews for this article, many Lullabots mentioned the importance of boundaries. Senior Drupal Architect Jeff Eaton argues, “The valuable thing about getting dressed like you’re going to work, and similar rituals, is that it puts a distinct dividing line between schlepping around and serious business. Because so many of the ‘Bots work on things they find interesting and are passionate about, it’s easy to stay half-connected 24/7. I’ve found that explicitly disconnecting makes it easier to focus when I am connected, regardless of the mechanism used to draw that dividing line.”

Angus Mak, Developer, says: “I never run straight to the computer after waking up. I always take some time to make coffee and let the dog out, so I don’t feel like I’m working before I’m even awake.”

Have a dedicated workspace (and/or device)

Having a home office is crucial for me. I need a desk with a proper chair to really direct my attention to work projects. Otherwise, I fear I’d be floating about the house, distracted by home duties and shiny objects. Having a dedicated workspace helps keep me organized and efficient. Jeff Robbins, Lullabot CEO & cofounder agrees: “It’s good to have a home base where both you and your family know that you’re working. Not only is this a good physical, personal reminder, but it also sends a message (Don’t bother Dad!) to your family without needing to interrupt your work to explain it. Working at home is living at work. Do what you can to differentiate work and leisure time.”

“I also use a different computer with nothing work related on it for entertainment,” says Angus Mak. “When I’m done with work, I switch to my personal computer. I still check work emails on the phone, but at least I don’t see any work related files, programs, code, etc. on my personal computer that might suck me back into work.”

If a separate computer isn’t in the cards for you, you can create separate accounts on your computer. Using one for work, and personalize the other one with your home life in mind.

While we’re talking about work devices, Jeff Robbins advises: “Spend the extra money for a quality microphone headset. If you work virtually, it isn’t just an adjunct communication device. It’s how you’ll be hearing all of your clients and colleagues, and it’s also how they’ll be hearing you. There’s nothing worse than being that guy that people can’t quite understand on the conference call. Never use speakerphone or your computer’s built-in microphone on conference calls. Ever.”

Be active

If there’s one thing we’ve learned, it’s that Lullabots can “walk the talk," or at least, walk while they talk. I was surprised to hear how many of us walk, hike, or stand when we’re on long phone calls. According to Seth Brown: “Walking on phone calls is critical and gives me the endurance to get through the day. When I’m in front of the computer I don’t listen well—there are too many distractions.” Karen Stevenson advises, “Stand up while you’re on phone calls, at least the important ones.” Not only does this keep us focused on the phone call (instead of being distracted by other online tasks), it keeps our bodies and minds alert during a time when our attention could easily wander.

Another great piece of advice comes from Senior Drupal Architect Andrew Berry, “I try to keep snacks and drinks stored away from my office. Otherwise, it’s too easy to stay sitting at the desk all day: snacks are just a long reach away from your desk. Keeping them elsewhere means an extra minute or two, but also gives your eyes and body a rest.”

“I love going for a walk in the middle of the day,” says Matt Westgate, president and cofounder. “I usually reserve the hardcore gym exercise until the end of the day to release stress. My usual transition from work life to personal life is to prepare dinner while I’m having an end-of-day wrap up with Jeff or Seth. Cooking is a creative outlet for me, and it has the byproduct of being (usually) delicious!”

Get out

Leaving the house during a workday is often a good idea. A coffee run, a class at the gym, or some errands around town can help relieve cabin fever. If you’ve ever had the experience of working at an office, you know how relaxing a lunch away from the office can be. The same principle applies when you work at home! Take a step away, focus on something you need to do in your personal life, reboot, and return.

Jeff Robbins advises: “If you really want to bear down and work, get out of the house. Go to a cafe, get a big caffeinated drink, and put on headphones. The peripheral activity of the staff and other patrons energizes me. Because I don’t know anyone there, I stay isolated and can really focus on my work without distraction. Their chairs usually aren’t as comfortable as mine, so I don’t stay there all day, just a couple of hours. Then I can head home and appreciate my comfortable chair that much more!”

Use being at home to your advantage

Just because you’re working doesn’t mean you have to forego the comforts of home. Do the things you can’t do at an office -- put on some music, work from the patio, or open the windows!

Jared Ponchot, Creative Director, has his afternoon relaxation time down. “I try to schedule some sort of relaxing activity for the afternoon. I typically hit a wall between 2pm and 4pm, so I try to listen to that and either take a walk, go play with my kids, make a cup of tea, or do something for at least 15-30 minutes that’s completely relaxing. That moves all my brain power from my prefrontal cortex back into a more balanced right/left brain, I think.”

Having multiple places to work in your home is another advantage over a typical office. Jerad Bitner, Senior Technical Project manager, mixes it up between a traditional desk, treadmill desk, a lazy boy, and a standing desk. “Sometimes I like the couch,” he says. “It’s a great way to help prevent repetitive stress injuries, which often result from working long hours in the same position.”


It surprised me just how many Lullabots mentioned the shower when I was researching this article! From Nate Haug, Senior Drupal Architect, “In the midst of all the phone calls, naps, and lunch, I usually take at least one shower in the middle or end of the day. To me the shower is the absolute most productive place in my entire ‘office.’ There’s no problem so difficult that it can’t be solved with a good shower.”

Jared Ponchot also had an opinion on the shower. “I fully relate to the idea that being showered and dressed before work can help orient one’s self. However, I’ve actually changed my routine, intentionally waiting to shower until late morning or midday. I’ve found that it’s a powerful tool for ‘creative pause’ and cranking alpha waves. I want it to disrupt my ultra focus, a zone I get into when I’m working on for more than a few hours. There are so many times when I scramble to get out of the shower because I’ve suddenly understood something or had an important idea during that break.”

Work. Rinse. Repeat.

Be interactive (in work and other aspects of your life)

“Connecting with people face-to-face during the day is really important” says Matt Westgate, and many other Bots agree. “That connection could be family, a local group, or going to the coffee shop or the gym. I find those face-to-face connections remind me that I’m also making human connections when I’m on the phone or writing email. It helps me better empathize.”

Being interactive during work could mean contacting a client or colleague using videochat via Skype, Google Hangout or GotoMeeting rather than shooting off an email. Lullabot uses several means of communication for our team, but nothing feels quite like face-to face time.

Outside of work, “it’s important to talk about non-work things, to make up for the social interaction you’re losing by staying at home,” cautions Karen Stevenson. It would be incredibly easy to turn into a hermit. Many Lullabots recommend becoming involved in a community or interest group outside of home.

“The biggest thing that helps me keep the balance is being in a group.” Angus Mak continues, “I train dogs a few times a week at a dog club, and that forces me to leave the house at 6 p.m. Having something outside of work that I am passionate about really helps.”

“If you’re a designer working from home, you need to join some sort of group in your local area and force yourself (against your will if you’re wired like me!) to go hang out at their events,” says Jared Ponchot. “I’m a part of the Atlanta Web Designer group. I’ve had to miss it a few times and keenly feel the loss.”

Speaking of family, it can be hard to work at home with family present, as they are (and should be) Priority Number One. Finding the work/life balance in regards to family is something that I’ve had to work hard at. It’s helped to get to a point where I can say firmly, “Right now I am working!” and stick to it. After work, if I’m as diligent giving my family attention as I am at giving work attention, we all feel good.

This is also an important issue for Seth Brown who has three young daughters. “For me,” he says, “the act of shutting my door is symbolic. It says, I’m at work, don’t bother me. But if a child falls off a bunk bed or there’s some other emergency, like sick kids at home, you have to step out of work mode. I feel like it’s a blessing and a curse. It’s a blessing to be there for your family when they really need it, but sometimes it can come up at the most inopportune times. It's stressful trying to listen and participate in a conference call while trying to calm a crying child.”

Work at NOT working

Working from home with a distributed team comes with a few challenges that wouldn’t exist in an office. Different time zones, different work schedules, and spotty Internet connections can all work against you. The biggest issue seems to be the same wherever we are: the tendency to overwork. How can you leave work at work when you work from home?

Blake Hall, Senior Developer: “For me it’s always key to remember (and sometimes force myself) to carve out time where I have no Internet access. I inevitably get sucked into something interesting (even just Yammer) if I don’t.”

“It’s easy to get me to read an e-mail or message,” explains Nate Haug, “but I’ll only respond when I’m at my desk. The variability of my days means that I always schedule phone calls and meetings in advance, preferably not the same day. I usually don’t accept direct phone calls and I use conference lines or Skype as much as possible to prevent clients or even co-workers from using my phone number and breaking that scheduled time.”

Now, for the summary

The end all, as they say, is simple: don’t be afraid to try new things, even if they seem odd. Don’t be afraid to explore, find the schedule and best practices that work for you, and work that way. There’s no “right” or “wrong” way to work from home, if it works for you.

I think James Sansbury, our Development Manager, said it best: “It’s working from home, not homing from work, so the point everyone’s making is to create a clear line for what work is and what home is. If that means you get dressed before going to work, get dressed. If that means setting specific work hours, set those hours. If that means taking a long lunch, take a long lunch. The easy part is determining those things; the hard part is actually doing it. DO IT. DO IT!”

Esther Lee

Human Resources Coordinator

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Add Your Comment

Tim Smith

Great Article!

So glad to see you finally post this. I know you'd been working on it for a long time! This is just full of useful advice for all of us "work-from-home-ers".


Wim Leers


This is an awesome, awesome article :) Thanks for writing this!

It made me smile, laugh, ooh, nod, and most importantly: think critically about how I do this. I'm definitely going to try some of these tricks :)



Morgan McCormick


Esther this is an awesome article! It applies so much to students as well like Cassie mentioned. Printing myself a copy for later reference! Hope all is well!



Shower Breaks!

Two thumbs up for the shower. Some of my best coding (and other) break-throughs come from there.

The only disadvantage trying to explain to people in a regular office that you wrote it in the shower this morning!




I love how creative the different methods of getting in and out of "the zone" are.

An inspiration to those who work in offices too?


J Sherwani

A great way to collaborate remotely

Awesome article — I totally agree with the "get dressed" point.

Our team didn't find the existing tools for remote collaboration good enough, so we wrote our own. Screenhero lets you share your screen without fighting for control over a single mouse — it's far more intuitive and collaborative than anything else out there. Lifehacker just covered us a few hours ago. It would be great to hear what you folks at Lullabot think, since you're such a distributed team!



A must read for freelancers

As I am a freelance coder and many others I know often fail to deliver expectations when working home. The reasons are just as you mentioned in your blog. Often it's lack of schedule


Pat Teglia

Showers and doors

Some good food for thought here. I also have found midday showers to be a great stimulus for ideas. I have also always found the door to be pretty important.

One thing I wool be giving a try soon will be coworking once a week.

Thanks for the awesome article!



Kubilay E.

Great Article

It has been 4 months since I have started to work from home and I agree most of the things above.

I do the best work when I wake up early and use my larger monitor and keyboard connected to my laptop. That feels like "being in the work mode".

And preventing to be reachable by disconnecting internet completely is a good way to rest. E-mails keep my mind busy even if I don't reply them so I prefer not reading at all.

Scheduling is important for me too, I have realized that I focus better if I decide to cut the work at for example 6 p.m. no matter what. Otherwise, I feel like I can continue to hang around and complete my work before midnight. That's a very dangerous intention.


Roger Seher

Great advice

I like the dress for work, and showering to ease and reset the brain. thanks for a bunch of great tips.


Bronius Motekaitis

birds of a feather

I agree with all points. But what works for everyone else will not necessarily work for someone else. Like "dressing to go to the office." I save that card for when I'm particularly tired or under-motivated.

To me, routine is as important as breaking it.


Brock Boland


I never thought about that. I like the idea of keeping a motivational kicker in your back pocket for those days when you need a little something extra.



Right on Esther

There truly is no right or wrong way to work from home as long as you are getting results! My biggest challenge is having enough self-discipline to stop working and step away to refresh my mind and body. Thanks very much!



Same goes at mine

I find it hard to balance work and home, since I got this freelance job and worked at home. I guess the key is time management and setting goals to achieve without giving up either one of them. It's a matter of prioritizing and knowing the limits.


Goutam Dey

just what i was looking for..

I have always wondered how the members of a geographically distributed team work from home and what kind of personal challenges tthey face and how they overcome. .. Wesome article a d from the members of true distributed team


Mark Elhum


I have requested my boss more than once that i should be work from home employee but, he says their prior experience with freelancing has been bad.. he must read this blog...:) God either my boss or i should be freelance....... Reply

Shiya Shamsu

Great article

Really beneficial for any freelancer.. Thanks Lee..

As a freelancer, the biggest advantage I have experienced is the comfort and flexibility that really helps me to be more productive and adventurous, if your mindset is positive and ambitious.

Regarding dressing, I feel, you can compromise, using casuals or even night dress, it adds to your comfort, unless there is a video conference :)


Dale Geist

Let's hear it for wfh!

I've been working almost exclusively at home for the past seven years (five of those as a Drupalista.) It took some time to figure out how to be maximally productive, but now that I'm dialed in, I feel way more productive than I do when I'm required to work onsite. Demarcing work time and space, physically and mentally, is key.


Daniele Sibaud

Absolutely need to share this

Esther, this is a very great post, with your permission, I absolutely need to share it to my italian audience, can I translate it? Citing you and Lullabot as source, of course.



Awesome Article !!

This is the one of the best article I've ever read it before and also I'm first time reader of your blog. I agree with your points. First you need be active at every aspect in your work. This is really help me a lot in my work. Thanks for sharing this.


Wanda Martin


Esther, Thank you so much for this superb article. I am trying to start working from home. I have to say this not only for freelancers this could be interpreted and used for any career that you are doing from home. I am going to save this to my favorites and eventually print it out when I get my printer. Awesome, awesome article. Keep them coming.!!!!! Wanda Martin (972) 594-4537


Esther Zylinski

From one Esther to another...

Great article, I've been searching, hunting, just short of begging (but I can see that on the horizon) for employment. Feeling sort of down and stress Mom...yes Mum (love her to pieces) suggested I look at working from home. Your article really does break down what it will take as I did have concerns on how to separate home from work. Thank you.



Love the Tips

Great article! Working from home previously for 7 years, I know the traps that can befall a hard worker. Setting a schedule, taking a break and moving seem so obvious, but can take a conscious effort. All of these are terrific tips. Working from the patio is one of my favorites...fresh air, relaxation and just being outdoors inspires creativity.




What tools are you using to compensate for the lack of social interaction? Chat clients, screen sharing and similar.


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